Webpage elements can by foud by their id. That is one of the ways to select an element on a webpage with selenium.

You must have the element id, which you can get with developer tools. You can also use id or css to select a webpage element.

Related course:

find element

selenium find element by id

The selenium code uses find element by id to select the search box. Then it types a message in the search box.

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#_*_coding: utf-8_*_

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
import time

browser=webdriver.Firefox()
browser.get("https://wiki.ubuntu.com")
element=browser.find_element(By.ID,"searchinput")
element.send_keys("typing")
print(element)
time.sleep(3)
browser.close()

selenium find element by id

selenium find list items

The Python code below uses selenium to find al the list items, li, on a webpage.

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from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By

driver = webdriver.Firefox()
driver.get("https://selenium-python.readthedocs.io/locating-elements.html")

items = driver.find_elements(By.XPATH, '//li')
for item in items:
print(item.text)

selenium find list items

selenium find element by name

Selenium can find an element by name instead of code. That is done like this:

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#_*_coding: utf-8_*_

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
import time

browser=webdriver.Firefox()
browser.get("https://stackoverflow.com")
element = browser.find_element_by_name("q")
element.send_keys("typing")
print(element)
time.sleep(3)
browser.close()

selenium find element by name