The range() constructor generates numbers. This is very useful when creating new lists or when using for loops: it can be used for both.

In practice you rarely define lists yourself, you either get them from a database, the web or generate them using range().

Related course: Complete Python Bootcamp: Go from zero to hero in Python

Example

Lets say you want to create a list of 100 numbers. Writing them out by hand would be very time consuming, instead use the range function:

x = list(range(100))
print(x)

Python starts counting from zero. Now what if you want to count from 1 to 100?

x = list(range(1,101))
print(x)

range function

A third parameter defines the step size, by default its one. Range can be used in a for loop:

for i in range(1,11):
print(i)

Exercise

Try the exercises below

  1. Create a list of one thousand numbers
  2. Get the largest and smallest number from that list
  3. Create two lists, an even and odd one.

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